Low-carb diets are all the buzz today, and some people claim that the work wonders for weight loss
But others warn that they lead to heart disease.
Carbs are part of a healthy diet.
There are healthy carbs, like those from fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and not-so-healthy carbs, like those from processed and refined grains.
Different types of carbs have different effects on the body.
It is best to avoid sugars and opt for carbs in the form of starches, which take more time to break down into sugars so their effect on blood sugar levels is slower.
Fibrous carbs can help us feel full and contribute to a healthy gut by feeding friendly gut bacteria. They also are linked to lower incidences of heart disease.
Low-carb diets focus on protein and fat and will usually include more meat, poultry, fish, eggs and non-starchy vegetables.
But studies have shown that the overall quality of a food or diet is more important than focusing on just one nutrient, like carbs.
‘When replacing carbs with other foods, try to choose quality proteins, fats and plants that are good sources of essential vitamins and minerals.
If you restrict carbs too much, you could change your body’s metabolism and put it into ketosis, which means that it will use fat as its main energy source, and that will lead to weight loss.
But low-carb diets are not for everyone.
The key is balance, and everyone should strive to eat high-quality, nutritious whole foods, fruits and vegetables and avoid flours, sugars, trans fats and processed foods.